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ISSA Journel - Security Visualization: What you don’t see can hurt you

Russ McRee wrote an article for the ISSA journel where he describes various security visualization approaches. SecViz is prominently featured, as well as a few tools, such as TNV, InetVis, and Rumint. The article also mentions DAVIX. You can read the article here.
In an older article, Russ talked about Argus – Auditing network activity. In that article, he mentions how to use AfterGlow for network traffic analysis.

Applied Security Visualization PodCast from FIRST 2008

At the end of June, during FIRST 2008, Peter Wood and Ben Chai interviewed me about my Applied Security Visualization talk and my book. I really like how the podcast turned out. Tune in!

Visualized Storm fireworks for your 4th of July

Visualized Storm fireworks for your 4th of July

Turning old Storm news into a celebration of the 4th of July, we applied little AfterGlow magic to fireworks.pcap,
tcpdump -vttttnnelr /home/rmcree/pcap/fireworks.pcap | ./ "sip dip ttl" | perl ../graph/ -c /home/rmcree/afterglow/src/perl/graph/ -p 2 | neato -Tgif -o fireworks.gif,
and the results look just like the fireworks we hoped they would.
For the analysis of this Storm variant, fireworks.exe, and the resulting fireworks.pcap that lead to this visualization, see
Happy 4th of July!

API Calls and Imported Symbols of Nepenthes Download Binary Files

API Calls and Imported Symbols of Nepenthes Download Binary Files

API Calls and Imported Symbols of Nepenthes Download Binary Files

The goal of this graph is to show the api calls and the imported symbols used by malware files collected by Nepenthes.

To extrat this information I reutilize a file from Jan Goebel ´s Amun project.

I´ve added some regex to detect imported symbols.

Source Code:

Jaime Blasco - jaime.blasco[at]
Thanks to Jan Goebel
[Amun - low interaction honeypot]

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, see

import sys
import os
import re

def start(content, name):
### api
checksbin = {}
checksbin['listen'] = re.compile('\\xa4\\xad\\x2e\\xe9', re.S|re.I)
checksbin['bind'] = re.compile('\\xa4\\x1a\\x70\\xc7', re.S|re.I)
checksbin['closeSocket'] = re.compile('\\xe7\\x79\\xc6\\x79', re.S|re.I)
checksbin['accept'] = re.compile('\\xe5\\x49\\x86\\x49', re.S|re.I)
checksbin['LoadLibraryA'] = re.compile('\\x8e\\x4e\\x0e\\xec', re.S|re.I)
checksbin['WSASocketA'] = re.compile('\\xd9\\x09\\xf5\\xad', re.S|re.I)
checksbin['WSAStartup'] = re.compile('\\xCB\\xED\\xFC\\x3B', re.S|re.I)
checksbin['ExitProcess'] = re.compile('\\x7e\\xd8\\xe2\\x73', re.S|re.I)
checksbin['CreateProcessA'] = re.compile('\\x72\\xfe\\xb3\\x16', re.S|re.I)
checksbin['WaitForSingleObject'] = re.compile('\\xad\\xd9\\x05\\xce', re.S|re.I)
checksbin['system'] = re.compile('\\x44\\x80\\xc2\\x77', re.S|re.I)
checksbin['SetStdHandle'] = re.compile('\\x1d\\x20\\xe8\\x77', re.S|re.I)
checksbin['GetProcAddress'] = re.compile('\\xcc\\x10\\xbe\\x77', re.S|re.I)
checksbin['URLDownloadToFileA'] = re.compile('\\x36\\x1a\\x2f\\x70', re.S|re.I)
checksbin['connect'] = re.compile('\\xec\\xf9\\xaa\\x60', re.S|re.I)
checksbin['socket'] = re.compile('\\x6e\\x0b\\x2f\\x49', re.S|re.I)
checksbin['socket2'] = re.compile('\\x83\\x53\\x83\\x00', re.S|re.I)
checksbin['send'] = re.compile('\\xa4\\x19\\x70\\xe9', re.S|re.I)
checksbin['receive'] = re.compile('\\xb6\\x19\\x18\\xe7', re.S|re.I)
checksbin['WinExec'] = re.compile('\\x98\\xfe\\x8a\\x0e', re.S|re.I)
checksbin['WriteFile'] = re.compile('\\x1f\\x79\\x0a\\e8', re.S|re.I)
checksbin['Unknown (sign for correct decryption)'] = re.compile('\\x68\\x33\\x32\\x00\\x00\\x68\\x77\\x73\\x32\\x5F', re.S|re.I)

### plain
checksplain = {}
checksplain['possible windows cmd'] = re.compile('\\x63\\x6d\\x64', re.S|re.I)
checksplain['http address'] = re.compile('\\x68\\x74\\x74\\x70\\x3a\\x2f\\x2f', re.S|re.I)
checksplain['ftp address'] = re.compile('\\x66\\x74\\x70\\x3a\\x2f\\x2f', re.S|re.I)
checksplain['tftp.exe'] = re.compile('\\x74\\x66\\x74\\x70\\x2e\\x65\\x78\\x65', re.S|re.I)
checksplain['WSAStartup'] = re.compile('\\x57\\x53\\x41\\x53\\x74\\x61\\x72\\x74\\x75\\x70', re.S|re.I)
checksplain['WSASocketA'] = re.compile('\\x57\\x53\\x41\\x53\\x6f\\x63\\x6b\\x65\\x74\\x41', re.S|re.I)
checksplain['GetProcAddress'] = re.compile('\\x47\\x65\\x74\\x50\\x72\\x6f\\x63\\x41\\x64\\x64\\x72\\x65\\x73\\x73',re.S|re.I)
checksplain['CreateProcessA'] = re.compile('\\x43\\x72\\x65\\x61\\x74\\x65\\x50\\x72\\x6f\\x63\\x65\\x73\\x73\\x41', re.S|re.I)
checksplain['CreateFileA'] = re.compile('\\x43\\x72\\x65\\x61\\x74\\x65\\x46\\x69\\x6c\\x65\\x41', re.S|re.I)

### plain imported symbols
checksplainimport = {}
checksplainimport['kernel32'] = re.compile('\\x6b\\x65\\x72\\x6e\\x65\\x6c\\x33\\x32',re.S|re.I)
checksplainimport['USER32'] = re.compile('\\x55\\x53\\x45\\x52\\x33\\x32',re.S|re.I)
checksplainimport['MSVCR80'] = re.compile('\\x4d\\x53\\x56\\x43\\x52\\x38\\x30',re.S|re.I)
checksplainimport['ws2_32'] = re.compile('\\x77\\x73\\x32\\x5f\\x33\\x32',re.S|re.I)
checksplainimport['shell32'] = re.compile('\\x73\\x68\\x65\\x6c\\x6c\\x33\\x32',re.S|re.I)
checksplainimport['gdi32'] = re.compile('\\x67\\x64\\x69\\x33\\x32',re.S|re.I)
checksplainimport['oleaut32'] = re.compile('\\x6f\\x6c\\x65\\x61\\x75\\x74\\x33\\x32',re.S|re.I)
checksplainimport['advapi32'] = re.compile('\\x61\\x64\\x76\\x61\\x70\\x69\\x33\\x32',re.S|re.I)
checksplainimport['COMCTL32'] = re.compile('\\x43\\x4f\\x4d\\x43\\x54\\x4c\\x33\\x32',re.S|re.I)
checksplainimport['wsock32'] = re.compile('\\x77\\x73\\x6f\\x63\\x6b\\x33\\x32',re.S|re.I)
checksplainimport['URLMON'] = re.compile('\\x55\\x52\\x4c\\x4d\\x4f\\x4e',re.S|re.I)
checksplainimport['msvcrt'] = re.compile('\\x6d\\x73\\x76\\x63\\x72\\x74',re.S|re.I)
checksplainimport['CRTDLL'] = re.compile('\\x43\\x52\\x54\\x44\\x4c\\x4c',re.S|re.I)
checksplainimport['WININET'] = re.compile('\\x57\\x49\\x4e\\x49\\x4e\\x45\\x54',re.S|re.I)
checksplainimport['ntdll'] = re.compile('\\x6e\\x74\\x64\\x6c\\x6c',re.S|re.I)

keys = checksplain.keys()
for key in keys:
match = checksplain[key].search(content)
if match:
print name + "," + key + ",2"

keys = checksbin.keys()
for key in keys:
match = checksbin[key].search(content)
if match:
print name + "," + key + ",2"

keys = checksplainimport.keys()
for key in keys:
match = checksplainimport[key].search(content)
if match:
print name + "," + key + ",1"

if __name__ == '__main__':
list = os.listdir("binaries/")
for filename in list:
if os.path.exists("binaries/" + filename):
fp = open("binaries/" + filename, 'r')
content = "".join(fp.readlines())
start(content, filename)

The CSV file looks like:
50c0c0fa44ed9e09bbe9558c61e22006,http address,2
849c5ae144ed43741d1c2eb4d0cd552a,possible windows cmd,2

1: Imported Symbol
2: Api call

And the file to generate the grah with afterglow:"lightblue" if ($fields[2]==2)"green" if ($fields[2]==1)

Applied Security Visualization - FIRST 2008 Talk

I taught a workshop in Vancouver at the FIRST 2008 conference. I put the slides for the talk about Applied Security Visualization online. It covers parts of the book on the same topic. The outline of the talk looks as follows:

  • Visualization
  • Log Data Processing
  • IT Data Search
  • Charts and Graphs
  • Visualization Tools
  • Perimeter Threat
  • Compliance
  • The podcast discussing the presentation.

    Malware Files Collected By Nepenthes - Imported Symbols Relation

    Malware Files Collected By Nepenthes - Imported Symbols Relation

    With several binaries collected by nepenthes I have correlate the imported symbols with python module pefile and generate an interesting graph.



    VizSec 2008 Call for Posters and Demos

    VizSEC 2008 Workshop on Visualization for Cyber Security
    September 15, 2008 / Cambridge, MA USA
    In conjunction with RAID 2008

    Submission deadlines:
    Poster and Demo submissions - July 18, 2008

    VizSec is accepting submissions (2 page abstract) for posters and demonstrations. Poster and Demo abstracts will be made available on the VizSec web site.

    Posters can be used to describe work in progress or updates to previously published VizSec research or R&D. Poster submissions should consist of a 2 page abstract. Poster will be presented at the VizSec/RAID reception. Abstracts will be made available on the web site.

    Demonstrations can be used to show new or updated development efforts. Demo submissions should consist of a 2 page abstract. Demonstrations will take place at the VizSec/RAID reception. (You will need to bring a laptop for demos.) Abstracts will be made available on the web site.

    Nepenthes log correlated with ClamAV and ip2country

    Nepenthes log correlated with ClamAV and ip2country

    This file is the result of correlating data from Nepenthes, ip2country and ClamAV, the process is described in the paper
    An approach to malware collection log visualization by Jaime Blasco


    New Paper - An approach to malware collection log visualization

    I have just published an article related to malware collection log visualization.

    The paper focus on visualization of Nepenthes logs using AfterGlow. In the paper you can find information about correlation ips with countries and binary files with ClamAV signatures with the goal of generating interesting graphs.

    You can get it at
    An approach to malware collection log visualization


    Call for DAVIX Beta Testers

    You may have noticed a page on called DAVIX. DAVIX is the upcoming live CD for data analysis and visualization, which will be released at Blackhat/DEFCON in Las Vegas in August 2008.

    We have prepared the second beta version of DAVIX. Raffael and I are now seeking for beta testers that have the time to test DAVIX and answer the questionnaire that comes along with the beta version.

    All completely filled out questionnaires received by me until Monday 23 June 2008 18:00 UTC will enter a raffle for one autographed copy of Raffy's upcoming book Applied Security Visualization. Legal recourse is excluded.

    If you want to participate in the beta test please contact: jan.monsch ät