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SOI 2.0

SOI 2.0

Sphere Of Influence 2.0

As promised once I managed to get 2.0 out I would make 1.0 a free download. 2.0 we've added the world map, timeline and organizational data. What was interesting was we started to look for "soft" targets, home users, colleges etc. The places that hackers tend to "train" on...( I know that some colleges and home users are built like fort Knox : )
When we started to use the filters on the timeline, specifically looking for universites it opened up a whole new avenue for exploration. I found a couple of systems with possible "interesting" traffic not detected by my snort, Cisco IPS or symantec software. We're in the process of adding an hourly report. I wanted this to be similar to the hourly wrap conducted by most looking for "strange" traffic (low port to low port, multiple connections to new ip addresses but source port remaining the same etc etc...anything that we would consider "crafted" or maybe unusual.) I think the timeline gives an interesting filter approach to visually looking at the data...we have some other stuff up our sleeve (especially with the timeline...but also about displaying the hourly datasets....I thought about a "virus" like approach with "cells" representing events, but turning darker and mutating if they meet preconditions...i know it sounds strange but in my head it seems to work :) )

you can download the free "lite" version (no timeline, no world map, no organizational data etc but should give you an idea how easy it is to set up)

and yes we will update the demo page to include the new stuff.....:)

SOI 2.0

Geolocation Map

Geolocation Map

In the snapshot above, the administrator has created a "Top Peers" statistics based on filtered log entries and decided to view the outcome as a Geolocation Map. You can monitor network traffic with the help of Geolocation Maps in real-time too. Here is a video that describes more closely how StoneGate Management Center's Geolocation feature works in practice:

Money Mule, Phishing and AFF SPAMclouds

Mainly as a bit of fun, I thought it would be interesting to sort some of our SPAM into distinct groups and make some wordclouds, or more specifically SPAMclouds from the content of the spam.
Attached is the cloud for SPAM attempting to recruit Money Mules.

You can see the Phishing and Advance Fee Fraud (AFF) clouds and the full story here


Money Mule SPAMcloud

Money Mule SPAMcloud

Money Mule SPAMcloud

Visualizing OS X Threat Internet Distribution

Visualizing OS X Threat Internet Distribution

I have captured few examples for visualization to show internet distribution of OS X threat. This has been discussed here.

Malicious IP

Malicious IP

Just one malicious IP address leads you to variety of threats that maximizes the use of it.
I have blogged about this here. and here

A video of botnet IRC joins

A video of botnet IRC joins

Some time ago F-Secure collected a bunch of log data on about 700 000 botnet IRC channel joins. They then asked us to visualize the joins as a time lapse on a world map using geomapping. The results are available here:

CISSE Working Group Outcomes - Security Visualization Challenges

At the CISSE 2009 conference, we held a workshop on Security Visualization, during which we identified a number of research problems associated with security visualization. You can find them listed below. Tomorrow, we will identify use-cases for security visualization. If you have any use-cases that you want us to consider, comment on here!

Security Visualization Research Problems

Important Realization: Visualization is generally an add-on to a specific problem or task. This dilutes the research community, since there are data visualizations of many different areas of interest.

Data Acquisition

  • Data normalization: aggregation, filter, and augmentation. Common formats are needed that span the requirements.

  • Accessing data (transport problems)

  • Data security issues (confidentiality, integrity)

  • Context collection

  • Real-time processing (collection and visualization)

  • Data disposal / destruction

  • What to do with missing data / gaps?

  • “Cleaning” data

Visual Representations

  • Time series representations instead of snap-shots

  • Are three-dimensional / interactive visualizations more intuitive / easier to use than, for example, a set of two dimensional representations?
  • Education of Expert Witnesses: how to present scientific data and explain visualizations in terms that are understandable by juries, prosecutors, and judges

  • The challenge of transitioning data into evidence is an on-going problem. The starting point is raw data, which is then transformed into a visual representation, which is then contextually interpreted as information. There are many issues with this process, including appropriate representation of actual or relational time sequence and the provability of the linkage between the raw data and the interpreted information.

  • Photo classification: A challenge is the emerging area of photo-realistic cartoons or imagined figures, which are getting so life-like that they are crossing the boundary from good to evil when used inappropriately.

  • Extremely large data set analyses, focusing on making them faster while maintaining accuracy

  • Integration of many variables into a useful visualization, where many means 4 or more variables.

Visual Interpretations

  • “Bridging the Gap”: creating visualizations that are intuitively interpretable by non-trained people. This implies needed integration of knowledge from the fields of sociology, cultural anthropology, learning theory, neuroscience, psychology, disability amelioration, etc.

  • Understanding visual representations: interpreting actual meaning from the visualization can be challenging. Research into how to make this more intuitive is needed, as is research in how to best educate analysts. Additionally, better human-interpretable visualizations are needed.

  • Visualization as an accelerator of identification of anomaly judgment (OK versus Not OK)

  • Interpretative visualization tools

  • Enable a better interpretation of complexities in relationships and interactions in data sets.

Overall Problems

  • Scientific validation of tools (Type 1 and Type 2 error rates; perhaps tool certification as being built with “pure” software, perhaps Common Criteria type certification)

  • Need to create an inter-disciplinary community of visualization researchers that talk to each other and share methods so that the wheel does not need to re-invented between communities

Mapping the Australian honeypot network using circos.

Mapping the Australian honeypot network using circos.

This was done using the circos tool. It is a very useful map style, this one shows some location attributes of malware captured by our nepenthes malware sensors at the Australian Honeynet Project.
For full story and maps of other attributes